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Dementia is an umbrella term that covers a range of diseases impacting cognitive ability. The most common of these dementias is Alzheimer's Disease. Caring for a loved one with dementia can be a very difficult and scary thing if the caregiver is not knowledgeable about the dementia, what to expect, and the impact that dementia can have on their loved ones and family. This webpage is designed to help you become familiar with the 10 Warning Signs of Alzheimer's Disease, and provide resources in the community.

The 10 Warning Signs of Alzheimer's Disease

  1. Memory Loss that disrupts daily life

  2. Forgetting recently learned information, forgetting important
    dates and events, asking for the same information over and
    over again, and relying on memory aides or family members
    for things they used to handle on their own,
    are all signs of Alzheimer's Disease.

    Typical age-related change: Forgetting names or appointments but remembering them later.

  3. Challenges in planning or solving problems

  4. A person with Alzheimer's disease may have difficulty developing or following a plan and working with numbers. A person may experience difficulty in following a familiar recipe, or keeping track of their budget. It also may take them longer to do tasks than before.

    Typical age-related change: Making an occassional error when balancing a checkbook.

  5. Difficulty completing familiar tasks 

  6. Sometimes people with Alzheimer's disease may have difficulty remembering familiar tasks. They may have difficulting with remembering the rules of a game, driving to a familiar place, managing a budget, or remembering how to cook a favorite food.  Typical age-related change: Occasionally needing help with tasks such as recording a tv show or using appliances.

  7. Confusion with time or place

  8. Sometimes people with Alzheimer's disease may have difficulty remembering what
    season it is, where they are, or how they got somewhere. They may have difficulty
    with the passage of time and remembering specific dates.

    Typical age-related change: Forgetting what day of the week it is, but remembering it later.

  9. Trouble understanding visual images and spacial relationships

  10. People with Alzheimer's disease may experience vision problems. These may include having difficulty reading, judging distance, and determining color. They also may not recognize themselves when they pass a mirror.

    Typical age-related change: Having changes in vision due to cataracts.

  11. New difficulties with words in speaking or writing

  12. People with Alzheimer's disease may have difficulty joining a conversation or continuing one. They may begin to speak and forget what they were saying or repeat themselves. They may have difficulty with vocabulary and have trouble finding the right word, or call something by the wrong name.

    Typical age-related change: Sometimes having difficulty finding the right word.

  13. Misplacing things and being unable to retrace their steps

  14. Sometimes a person with Alzheimer's disease may put things in the wrong place and have difficulty remembering where they put it. They may have difficulty in retracing their steps or accuse someone of stealing their missing item.

    Typical age-related change: Occasionaly misplacing things such as glasses or dentures.

  15. Decreased or poor judgment

  16. People with Alzheimer's disease may have decreased
    or poor judgment such as giving large amounts of
    money to telemarketers. They also may pay less
    attention to things such as their personal hygiene.

    Typical age-related change: Making a
    poor decision once in a while.

  17. Withdrawal from work or social activities

  18. Someone with Alzheimer's disease may remove themselves from favorite activities or hobbies. They may have difficulty remembering their favorite sports team or remembering how to complete their favorite hobby. They may avoid being social due to the changes they are experiencing. 

    Typical age-related change: Sometimes feeling weary of work, social, and family obligations.

  19. Changes in mood and personality

    Sometimes a change in mood will be noticed with people who have Alzheimer's disease. They may feel confused, anxious, depressed, angry, suspicious, or fearful. They may become easily upset when they are in situations out of their comfort zone.

    Typical age-related change: Developing specific ways of doing things and become irritated when their routine is changed.

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  20. All information was provided by the Alzheimer's Association. For more information please go to